Preserve Your Vision With Premier Eyecare, Angela Tsai, O.D. and Associates

Diabetic Retinopathy in Fredericksburg

Preserve Your Vision With Premier Eyecare, Angela Tsai, O.D. and Associates

Schedule Eye Exam

Have diabetes?

Experiencing changes in vision, such as blurriness and eye floaters?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss around the world. Of an estimated 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide, approximately one-third have signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Fortunately, there are several steps people with diabetes can take to prevent or minimize vision loss.

Blood sugar level check


What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

noraml eye and an eye with diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the small blood vessels clustered within your retina. This leads to swelling or fluid leakage and can result in vision loss and even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy also raises the risk of retinal detachment and/or glaucoma.

Because the early stages of diabetic retinopathy show no symptoms, many don't realize they have it until the disease has progressed.

If you have diabetes, you are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. To reduce your risk and protect your vision, schedule an eye exam with Premier Eyecare, Angela Tsai, O.D. and Associates today.


What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

diabetic-retinopothy-oct-scan

As mentioned above, the early phase of diabetic retinopathy typically shows no symptoms. This is why it's important to have routine eye exams (all the more so if you have diabetes), as your eye doctor can detect diabetic retinopathy in its earlier stages before symptoms become apparent.

Symptoms of proliferative diabetic retinopathy include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters
  • Double vision
  • Near vision problems
  • Seeing dark spots (scotomas)
  • Difficulty seeing at night

What are the Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Non-Proliferative Retinopathy (early stage):
This occurs when small bulges–or microaneurysms–form in blood vessels and can leak fluid into the retina.

Proliferative Retinopathy (later phase):
This refers to abnormal vessel growth and leakage in the retina. This triggers a variety of vision problems such as blurriness, reduced field of vision, and even blindness.

If you have diabetes, Premier Eyecare, Angela Tsai, O.D. and Associates in Fredericksburg offers diagnostic tests and treatment options to help preserve your vision. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the treatment outcome.

Diabetic-Retinopathy-Bllod-sugar-level-checker


How Optometrists Diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Medical history

    Your optometrist will ask about your medical history, including diabetes, as well as your family history of eye conditions.

  • Dilated pupil exam

    Your optometrist will apply eye drops to dilate the pupils so they can see inside the eye and detect any issues.

  • Fluorescein angiography

    This eye test uses a special dye and camera to look at blood flow in the retina and choroid.

  • Optical coherence tomography

    This imaging method shows a cross-section of the retina and can indicate whether vessels are leaking fluid into the retina.


How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy

senior man with diabetic retinopathy

Treatment begins with managing blood sugar levels and diabetes. This means eating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and taking whatever diabetes medication has been prescribed.

Other treatments will depend on the stage or severity of the disease. If caught early, only blood sugar management may be necessary.

However, if you're in a more advanced stage of the diseases, treatment options may include:
  • Eye medications. Steroid and Anti-VEGF treatments can stop inflammation and prevent the formation of new blood vessels.
  • Laser surgery. Reduces the proliferation of abnormal blood vessels and swelling in the retina.
  • Vitrectomy. If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may need an eye surgery called vitrectomy. This procedure removes scar tissue, blood or fluid, and some of the vitreous gel so light rays can better focus on the retina.

Give Your Eyes the Care They Deserve

Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

What are the major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy?

As the name suggests, diabetes is the main risk factor for developing diabetic retinopathy. Be mindful of your family history of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, get an annual eye exam to detect potential problems early.

Other conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol are also risk factors. Moreover, those of African or Hispanic descent have a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.

Can diabetic retinopathy be prevented?

There are a number of ways to preserve your vision and reduce the risk of vision and eye damage due to diabetic retinopathy.

  • Visit your eye doctor for annual eye exams.
  • Control your blood sugar levels.
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

The best thing you can do right now is to schedule your eye exam with Premier Eyecare, Angela Tsai, O.D. and Associates in Fredericksburg to ensure that everything is in check.

Does diabetic retinopathy cause blindness?

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of blindness among work-aged adults. It affects one in three people with diabetes and often goes unnoticed at first. Diagnosing and treating the condition early on can prevent severe vision loss.

Patient Reviews
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759 Reviews
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- Jun. 13, 2024
Everyone is professional, kind, and on point! I appreciate all of the above. Dr. Tsai is knowledgeab... le and love her style! 💕
- Jun. 05, 2024
Dr. Stephanie Lambertson and the entire team were very friendly and thorough on my issue. The front ... staff was extremely helpful and kind. I will definitely be coming back for any and all eye care I may need.
- May. 29, 2024
Dr Church and staff were very thorough, caring. and efficient.
- May. 21, 2024
Dr. Tsai and her staff are awesome. Everyone is very friendly and helpful with answering questions. ... Dr. Tsai puts you at ease immediately and walks you through any issues or questions you may have. She's also wonderful with kids. Highly recommend!
- May. 16, 2024
Dr. Stephanie Lambertson was excellent. The optometry technician who works with her was also very go... od. There was also very little wait time.
- May. 11, 2024
Dr. Tsai and her staff are the very best in the region. My family of 4 drives 1 hour each way to her... location because of our incredible experience and vision success. 5 Stars. Thank you Dr. Tsai!!!
- May. 07, 2024
My wife and I were recently seen by Dr. Church at Premier Eyecare, and as usual, we received top tie... r service, attention, and care upon reception, throughout the appointment, and also with the optical technician providing expert fitting and measurements for our glasses that we ordered. We highly recommend this practice to everyone.
- May. 04, 2024
They have given me the most accurate eyeglass prescription I have ever had using the Neuralrns techn... ology. Also, detected glaucoma and got my eye pressure down from 27 mmHg to 15 mmHg in 1 month of treatment. I credit them with my new higher quality of life and can't thank them enough for saving my eyesight.
- May. 02, 2024
Everyone was super friendly. They even enjoyed my dad jokes.!
- May. 01, 2024
Dr. Church is absolutely fantastic. He is able to easily work with my four year old son and interact... with him to do a full eye exam. He has a way of keeping my child's attention and I’m confident the glasses he has are a correct prescription. Everyone at Premier Eyecare is always kind and helpful to my family.
- May. 01, 2024
Excellent doctor, explained all issues in language I understood, exercised patience and the office s... taff was also excellent.
- May. 01, 2024
Professional and friendly. I will happily recommend to everyone
- Apr. 30, 2024
Dr. Church is a very caring and concerned practitioner. He verifies your current condition then adv... ises you on next steps. Easy to understand and very friendly.
- Apr. 29, 2024
Excellent care.
- Apr. 19, 2024
Great service. Took me in shortly after I arrived and reported in.. Everyone was kind and profession... al. Would recommend them to my family and friends.
- Apr. 18, 2024
I was a new and unannounced patient. My contact had split and part of it was stuck in my eye. They l... et me right in and took care of everything. Very professional and very skilled both by all the staff and the provider.
- Apr. 17, 2024
My child needed an emergency appointment for something on her eye. The staff were compassionate and ... went out of the way to help us. She received the best care! Dr treated her quickly and kindly; explained everything and we both left feeling relieved (and better). Absolutely wonderful experience.
- Apr. 16, 2024
Dr. Church is a great Dr. very thorough and easy to talk to. Explains everything.
- Apr. 16, 2024
Dr. Church is a great doctor and highly recommended to anyone!
- Apr. 12, 2024
A great experience as always. Receptionist was great, Dr Church was very professional and figured ou... t my problem. Check out was very helpful. Definitely recommend!

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Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis & Treatment in Fredericksburg

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Have diabetes?

Early detection and timely treatment can prevent vision loss.

Schedule Eye Exam